Karate, Martial Arts, Self Defence, MMA - Harrogate - EST. 1999
 
GLOSSARY
 
 
 
 
Striking Techniques:
 
Choku Zuki – Straight Punch
Empi Uchi – Elbow Strike
Furi Zuki – Uppercut Punch
Gyaku Zuki – Reverse Punch
Koken Uchi – Wrist Strike
Oi Zuki – Stepping Punch
Otoshi Uchi – Bottom Fist Strike
Maeken Zuki – Front Hand Punch
Mawashi Zuki – Roundhouse Punch
Nukite Uchi – Spear Hand Strike
Sekkyaku Zuki – Lunge Punch
Shuto Uchi – Knife Hand Strike
Teisho Uchi – Palm Heel Strike
Tetsui Uchi – Hammer Fist Strike
Uraken Uchi - Back Fist Strike
Yama Zuki – Double Punch
 
 
 
 
Kicking Techniques:
 
Hiza Geri – Knee Kick
Hiza Tobi Geri – Jumping Knee Kick
Kin Geri – Groin Kick
Mae Geri – Front Kick
Mae Tobi Geri – Jumping Front Kick
Mawashi Geri – Roundhouse Kick
Mawashi Tobi Geri – Jumping Roundhouse Kick
Soto Kakato Geri – Outside Axe Kick
Soto Mikazuki Geri – Outside Crescent Kick
Uchi Kakato Geri – Inside Axe Kick
Uchi Mikazuki Geri – Inside Crescent Kick
Uchi Mikazuki Tobi Geri – Jumping Inside Crescent Kick
Ura Mawashi Geri – Hook Kick
Ura Mawashi Tobi Geri – Jumping Hook Kick
Ushiro Geri – Back Kick
Ushiro Mawashi Geri – Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Ushiro Mawashi Tobi Geri – Jumping Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Ushiro Soto Mikazuki Geri – Reverse Outside Crescent Kick
Ushiro Soto Mikazuki Tobi Geri – Jumping Reverse Outside Crescent Kick
Ushiro Tobi Geri – Jumping Back Kick
Yoko Geri – Side Kick
Yoko Tobi Geri – Jumping Side Kick
 
 
 
 
Blocking Techniques:
 
Age Uke – Rising Block
Gedan Barai – Low Level Sweep
Juji Uke – Cross Block
Koken Uke – Wrist Block
Mawashi Uke – Roundhouse Block
Morote Uke – Supported Block
Shuto Uke – Knife Hand Block
Soto Uke – Outside Block
Sukui Uke – Scooping Block
Tasuna Uke – Breaking Block
Teisho Uke – Palm Heel Block
Tsukami Uke – Grasping Block
Uchi Uke – Inside Block
Uchi Otoshi Uke – Bottom Fist Inside Block
Ura Uke – Back Hand Block
 
 
 
 
Throwing Techniques:
 
Ashi Barai – Front Foot Sweep
Ko Soto Gari – Minor Outside Reap
Ko Uchi Gari – Minor Inside Reap
O Soto Gari – Major Outside Reap
O Uchi Gari – Major Inside Reap
 
 
 
Stances:
 
Heisoku Dachi – Attention Stance – feet together
Kokutsu Dachi – Back Stance
Kosa Dachi – Cross-Leg Stance
Musubi Dachi – Attention Stance – toes turned outwards
Nekoashi Dachi – Cat Stance
Sage Ashi  Dachi – Heron Foot Stance
Sanchin Dachi – Hourglass Stance
Shiko Dachi – Horse Stance
Shizen Dachi Heiko – Natural Stance
Sokuto Dachi – Sword Foot Stance
Yoi – Ready Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi – Forward Stance
 
 
 
 
Competition Terminology:
 
Aiuchi – Simultaneous scoring techniques
Aka – Red
Ao – Blue
Atoshi Baraku – “A little more time left” (10 seconds to the end of the bout)
Chukoku – First warning – no penalty
Hansoku – Disqualification
Hansoku Chui – Warning with Nihon penalty
Hantei – Decision
Hikiwake – Draw
Ippon – One Point
Jogai – Exit from the match area
Keikoku – Warning with Ippon penalty
Kiken – Renunciation
Moto No Ichi – Original position
Mubobi – Self Endangerment
Nihon – Two Points
No Kachi – Win
Sai Shiai – A one minute deciding bout
Sanbon – Three Points
Shikkaku – Disqualification – “Leave the Area”
Shobu Hajime – Start the bout
Shugo – Judges called
Torimasen – Unacceptable as a scoring technique
Tsuzukete – Fight on
Tsuzukete Hajime – Resume fighting – Begin
 
 
 
 
Other Useful Terms:
 
Ashi Waza – Foot techniques
Atemi Waza – Striking techniques to vital points
Chudan – Middle level
Dachi – Stance
Dan – Black Belt grade
Dojo – Training Hall
Gedan – Lower level
Gi – Uniform
Hajime – Begin
Hidari - Left
Ippon Ken – Single Knuckle Fist
Jiyu Kumite – Free sparring
Jodan – Upper level
Kamae - Guard
Karate – Empty Hand
Karatedo – Way of the Empty Hand
Karategi – Karate uniform
Karateka – Karate student
Kata – Prearranged sequence of techniques
Keage – Snap
Kekomi – Thrust
Ken – Fist
Keri Waza – Kicking techniques
Kiai – ‘Spirit Shout’
Kihon – Basics
Kime – Focus
Kohai – Junior
Kumite – Sparring
Kyu – Coloured Belt grade
Migi - Right
Mokuso – Meditation
Nage Waza – Throwing techniques
Obi – Belt
Otagai-Ni-Rei – Bow to each other
Rei – Bow
Ritsu Rei – Kneeling bow
Seiken – Forefist
Seiza – Kneeling position
Sempai – Senior
Sensei – Teacher
Sensei-Ni-Rei – Bow to the teacher
Shiai Kumite – Competition sparring
Shomen-Ni-Rei – Bow to the front
Surikomi – Short step
Tachi Rei – Standing bow
Tsuki Waza – Punching techniques
Uchi Waza – Striking techniques
Uke Waza – Blocking techniques
Waza – Techniques
Yame – Stop
Zanshin – Awareness
Zazen – Seated meditation
 
 
 
 
Numbers:
 
Ichi – One
Ni – Two
San – Three
Shi – Four
Go – Five
Roku – Six
Shichi – Seven
Hachi – Eight
Ku – Nine
Ju – Ten
 
 
NOTE: Due to the complexities of the Japanese language, some of the above translations are illustrative rather than literal, and describe Karate terminology as it is commonly used.